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The untold spy story of WWI

In 1910 a proposed Alliance between Germany and France (See New York Times Article ) worried Britain so they sent someone to 'sniff around'.

The story is a personal journey of discovery set in the vibrant energy that is Zanzibar. Susan finds herself in the palace of the great Sultan of Zanzibar as private tutor to his children. She immerses herself in the heady experiences of that rich island. From making friends with her personal servant, Subira, to falling in love with Asim, a senior member of the Sultan's court. Susan delights in the discovery of Zanzibar and the discovery of herself. The only shadow being that she was recruited by British Military Intelligence as a spy. That compromises her love for Asim and will eventually cut the silken thread that is her journey into the exotic.

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Jìn​pào​ English

浸泡

 

英文的

Some simple English Grammar

 

 

The most importanty thing to remember when you are writing English is to make the sentences simple and with one clear meaning.

For Example (Eg): The boy took his dog to the beach, and he ran into the water.

This sentence does not have one clear meaning.

Was it the boy or the dog who ran into the water?

 

The following are the most basic parts of English speech. There is much more to English grammar, but these will help you understand English a little better.

 

I fined that Chinese students have the most difficulty with PREPOSITIONS, the DEFINITE ARTICLE and the INDEFINITE ARTICLE

 

NOUN

A noun is a word used as a name for a person, place, thing or quality:

Eg: boy, George, girl, country, Australia, China, crowd, flock, brave, happy

 

PRONOUNS

A pronoun is a word used as a subsitute for a nount (it taks the place of a noun):

                                SINGULAR            PLURAL

1st Person               I, me, my             We, us, our

2nd Person             You, your             you, your

3rd Person              he, him, his,         they, them, their

                               she, her, it, its

 

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

WHO, WHOM, WHOSE and WHICH are relative pronouns because they must have a noun or pronoun to which they relate.

Eg: I have seen the car, which you bought. (which relates to car)

      Marjorie, who is staying with us, runs fast. (who relates to Marjorie)

 

VERBS

A verb is a word or a combination of words, which tells us what the subject noun or pronoun DOES or IS.

Eg: The lightning flashes. (flashes is the verb, it tells us what the lightning does)

      The rain is falling. (falling is the verb, it tells us what the rain does)

 

ADJECTIVE

An adjective is a word which adds to the meaning of a noun or pronoun - it is generally used BEFORE A NOUN or AFTER a NOUN OR PRONOUN.


ADVERB

An adverb adds to the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Most adverbs answer the question HOW? WHAT? or WHERE?

Eg: Marlene talks quickly. (The adverb quickly adds to the meaning of the verb 'talks')

      John went there. (The adverb there adds to the meaning of the verb 'went')

      The very sleepy dog. (The adverb very adds to the meaning of the verb 'sleepy')

 

PREPOSITION

A preposition shows the relation of one part of the speech to another.

Eg: The boy jumped into the river. (The preposition into shows the relationship between jumped and river)

       The horse in the cart fell. (The preposition in shows the relationship between horse and cart)

Here is a list of common prepositions: under, by, near, to, up, from, at, after, with, of, for, down, over, in, into, during, through

Chinese uses few conjuctions or prepositions, so Chinese Students tend to leave them out or use the wrong one.

Chinese uses postpositions (after the noun) in many constructions rather than prepositions (before the noun), for example:

    桌子(zhuōzi)上(shàng)
    "table-on" = on the table

    房子(fángzi)里(lǐ)
    "house-in" = in the house

Note how English uses the preposition before (pre) the noun, where as Chinese uses the preposition after (post) the noune

 

THE CONJUCTION

A conjunction is a word used that joins words or groups of words.

Common conjunctions are: but, or, and ...

eg: The prisoner was given only gread and water.

      The shop was closed, but it is open now.

      Charles is receiving one present, a bicycle or a camera.

 

SUBJECT & PREDICATE

A sentence is a group of words which makes sense on its own and expresses a complete thought.

It consists of TWO PARTS - The subject and the predicate.

THE SUBJECT is the person or thing about whom, or which, the sentence is spoken or written about.

The main word in the subject is generally a noun or a pronoun.

THE PREDICATE is what is spoken of, or written about, the subject.

HOW TO FIND THE SUBJECT -  

STEP ONE: Find the Verb

STEP TWO: Ask who? or what? is before the Verb

Eg: The car is coming down the hill.

STEP ONE: Find the Verb: The verb is coming 

STEP TWO: Ask who? or What? is before the verb.

Q - "What is coming?" 

A - "The car is coming" 

So ..... the SUBJECT is the 'car'.

 

THE RULE OF AGREEMENT

The VERB must be in the same NUMBER and PERSON as the NOUN or PRONUON.

Eg: Jack is going

      He is going

      The girls are going

      They are going

 

The DEFINITE and the INDEFINITE Article

The DEFINITE ARTICLE

A definite article indicates that its noun is a particular one identifiable to the listener. It may be something that the speaker has already mentioned, or it may be something uniquely specified. The definite article in English, for both singular and plural nouns, is the.

Eg: "This is the car."

The speaker (writer) would be referring to a car that can either be seen or a car that both people know about. For the listener(reader) it is 'definite', there is no chance of mistaking it or miss-understanding which one the speaker (writer) is referring to.

The car belongs to a person or to some known event.

Eg: it may be the car that just won a race, so there is definitely only one of its type and both the speaker (writer) and the listener (reader) would know about which race ....... everything is definitely known.

The INDEFINITE ARTICLE

An indefinite article indicates that its noun is not a particular one identifiable to the listener (reader). It may be something that the speaker is mentioning for the first time, or its precise identity may be irrelevant or hypothetical, or the speaker may be making a general statement about any such thing. The indefinite article in English are a and an

Eg" "This is a car".

The speaker (writer) would be referring generally (making a general statement) to the fact that it is a car.

It does not belong to a definite group. It has no reference point for the listener. So it is indefinite.

It is not a specific type of car, a Honda, or a Ford .... it is indefinite.

It has no identifiable connection between the speaker and the listener ..... it is indefinite.

 

CHINESE STUDENTS 

The Definite Article and the Indefinite Article take the place of 一个, 二个, 三个 etc and also the measure words in Chinese, such as 条,只

If you are trying to write an English sentence then think of what you want to say in Chinese first and if you would use 个 or a Measure Word in Chinese, then you should use either 'the', 'a', or 'an' in English.

 

 

 

 

 

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